Districts : Tirhut Division

West Champaran
Head Quarters : Bettiah

Area

Sq. Km

Population

Literacy

Rate %

Total Rural Urban Literate

5,228

23,33,666 20,98,298 2,35,368 5,18,535

27.99

Sub Divisions

Bettiah, Bagaha, Narkatiyaganj

Blocks Bettiah, Nautan, Bairiya, Gogapatti, Chanpatia, Majhaulia, Bagaha, Thakraha, Madhubani, Ramnagar, Lauriya, Supauli, Narkatiyaganj, Gaunaha, Mainatanr
Agriculture Extremely rich paddy fields, Sugar cane, Cane reeds grow wild
Industry Sugar factories at Bagaha, Harinagar, Chanpatia, Ramnagar
Rivers Gandak
Noteworthy Historic region, Mahrishi Valmiki's ashram at Valmikinagar. Rich with Buddhist relics. Ashoka's pillar at Lauriya Nandngarh. Area of Gandhiji's non-coperation movement (1917) against indigo planters. Foothills of the Himalayas in the north, home of the aborisginees - Tharus, and rich with forests and wildlife.

East Champaran
Head Quarters : Motihari

Area

Population Literacy

Sq. Km

Total Rural Urban Literate Rate %

3968

30,43,061 28,69,702 1,73,359 6,64,369

21.83

Sub Divisions

Motihari Sadar, Areraj, Raxaul, Sikarahna, Pakridayal

Blocks Motihari, Turkaulia, Kalyanpur, Kesariya, Sugauli, Areraj, Harsiddhi, Paharpur, Mehsi, Chakia, Raxaul, Ramgharwa, Adapur, Chhotadana (Narkatiya), Dhaka, Patahi, Ghodasahan, Pakridayal, Madhuban, Chiraiya
Agriculture Rice Paddy (very rich, home of Basmati rice), Sugar cane, Jute, Lentils
Industry Sugar factories at Motihari, Sugauli, and Barachakia. Button factory at Mehsi.
Rivers Gandak, Sikrahna
Noteworthy Historical area. Ashoka's monument at Areraj and Ramgharwa. Also at Areraj, famous Shiva Temple.Site of Gandhiji's launch of the satyagraha movement  against indigo planters and of his first arrest and trial in India, at Motihari (1917.)Raxaul - gateway to Nepal, Birganj in Nepal situated across the border on Tribhuwan Raj Path, the road to Kathmandu and on to Lhasa, Tibet.

Muzaffarpur
Head Quarters : Muzaffarpur

Area

Population Literacy

Sq. Km

Total Rural Urban Literate Rate %

3,172

29,53,903 26,78,938 2,74,965

8,51,995

36.11

Sub Divisions

East Muzaffarpur, West Muzaffarpur

Blocks Musahari, Minapur, Kochanha, Aurai, Katra, Gaighat, Dholi, Sakri, Kudhani, Kanti, Sariya, Sahibganj, Paru, Baruraj (Motipur)
Agriculture Paddy, Maize, Wheat, Lentils. Famous for Lichies and Mango.
Industry Sugar factories at Motipur, Thermal Power Station at Kanti, Wagon factory at Muzaffarpur, Pharamceuticals at Narayanpur.
Rivers Baghmati and Budhi Gandak
Noteworthy Important station on the Indo-Nepal Highway.

Sitamarhi
Head Quarters : Sitamarhi

Area

Population Literacy

Sq. Km

Total Rural Urban Literate Rate %

2,643

23,91,495 22,57,987 1,33,508

5,37,189

28.12

Sub Divisions

Sitamarhi Sadar, Shivahar, Pupri

Blocks Belsund, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Bairganiya, Majorganj, Riga, Badhnaha, Sonbarsa, Parihar, Shivahar, Piprahi, Tariyani, Pupri, Surasund,  Nampur, Bajpatti
Agriculture Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils
Industry Sugar factory at Riga. Rice and oil mills.
Rivers Bagmati
Noteworthy Birthplace of the Hindu goddess, Sita, the Consort of Lord Rama. Janaki temple at Sitamarhi.

Vaishali
Head quarters : Hajipur

Area

Population Literacy

Sq. Km

Total Rural Urban Literate Rate

2,036

21,46,065 20,02,708 1,43,357

6,86,058

40.57

Sub Divisions

Hajipur, Mahua

Blocks Hajipur, Lalganj, Vaishali, Mahnar, Desari, Bidupur, Raghopur, Mahua, Goraul, Patepur, Jandaha
Agriculture Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils, and world-famous Chinia ("sweet and tiny") banana
Industry Sugar factory at Goraul
Rivers Ganges and Gandak. their confluence is just south of Hajipur
Noteworthy Home of the ancient kingdom of the Lichhavi's - the world's first Democratic Republic. Very rich with Buddhist monuments, including Ashoka's pillars. extremely rich archaeological sites. Hajipur, now a Regional Headquarters of the North Eastern Rly. Hajipur now connected with Patna by a road bridge across the Ganges, the Mahatma Gandhi Setu. This, combined with expansion of the Broad Gauge to this area, has made North Bihar more easily accessible to the rest of India.